Grow room pest: Spider-mites

One of my biggest fears as a medical cannabis grower has happened. My grow room and flower room have been infested with spider-mites.

I’ve only dealt with these pests once before when I lost power for almost two weeks. I’ve yanked out and composted the worst of the infested plants. Got some help and throughly cleaned the flower room and everything that was inside it; all the pots, saucers, pot elevation platforms and ect… Along with recycling all the the ducting uses in the rooms.

I’m now about half way through my battle with this pest now. I’ve treated the remaining plants in my veg room with Green Cleaner an all natural spider-mite killer.

I will get past this pest and get my rooms on track again. Life is chaotic but I will face down my fears and win this battle. I’m also grateful that I have not got the borg sub species of spider-mite that is a cannabis specialist and nearly impossible to kill.

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Wet Vs Dry Trimming Pt.1

trimWhen you talk to people who grow cannabis you will find that those who hand trim fall into one of two categories. Those who wet trim buds and those who dry trim their buds.

Me, I have always wet trimmed. Why? It was how I learned from the caregiver that thought me. Also I have not been growing for a very long time. I have mastered wet trimming and have deiced to try out dry trimming. For me I can’t give an opinion as to what way is completely better. My perspective is slightly skewed with my experience. I did try out dry trimming for the first time and I do like it. I might be switching styles but can’t completely decide, yet. I only set a few branches aside to try out dry trimming. Now my next plant I plan on doing completely with dry trimming. To get a better idea of what a full plant harvest would be like with the dry trim method.

What I liked about the dry trimming method was it was less time consuming compared to wet trimming and I am pretty efficient at wet trimming now that I have been doing it for a little over 2 years. This was also easier on my physically, but again I was only doing a few branches, so did not have as much to do as normal.

I posted the picture above and asked my community on Instagram, Duby and Facebook; how they personally trim their cannabis and why they trim that way.  To see if I could get some kind of conciseness as to what the most popular ways to trim were.

The reason people said dry trimming was preferable were that wet trimming was much more work than dry trimming. Others claimed that wet trimming interferes with curing by cutting the leaves that evaporation during the drying/curing process could then only come out of the flower causing damage to the resin, terpenes, and overall cannabinoid profile. While others suggested longer dry periods with plastic and paper coverings to enhance the curing process. (Something for me to read more into latter)

The reason people said wet trimming was preferable was that when you dry trim you can see trichomes fly off as you clip the leaves off the buds and that the only time they ever dry trim is if they do not have enough time to wet trim.

Some of these arguments sound the same on both sides. But what does that mean? Is wet trimming better or is dry? Does one method of trimming cause damage to the cannabinoid profile? Or is it all just a matter of personal choice with what your preference is.

Here are my thoughts. I don’t think this is going to be something that we can just prove with a debate. There are experience growers on both sides of this debate.  So, I propose that we do an experiment. I think I should on one of my upcoming harvests take a top bud and dry trim one and wet trim another. Then submit these buds for a cannabinoid profile and terpenes profile test. Then compare the results to see if one method has a significant deference in their results.

TestedLabs in Maine does the tests I would need. The cannabinoid profile test is $40 per sample and the terpenes profile test is also $40 per sample. I have started a gofundme page to pay for these lab tests. As I don’t have the $160 to have all four required samples done to compare the two methods. Once I have the funding for theses tests I will be able to do a follow up article and revel if there is a significant difference in the profiles between wet and dry trimming.


Until then,

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Davinci IQ Vaporizer (First Week) Review

Last week, I purchased myself a portable dry herb vaporizer. I personally narrowed down my choice from three of the best reviewed portable vaporizers; The PAX3, The FireFly2, and The Davinci IQ. I choose the Davinci IQ; while the other two still look like quality vaporizers I only had the money for one.

18893474_1762747163741629_2799996445037404004_nI have been using the Davinci IQ as my primary method of medicating for about a week. I have found that one vaping session (10 minute) does give the same relief as smoking the same amount of medicine. The first time I tried a vaporizer a few years ago this was not the case, but that other vaporizer was not a top quality one and the technology has been progressing since then. I really like the quality and taste of the vapor that the Davinci IQ produces.

The battery came dead, so I was not able to use it the very first day that I got it.  I do like that it has a removable rechargeable battery. This was one of the features, I really liked. You can also purchase separate batteries and an external charger. Both of these I do eventually plan on getting, but only had enough for the vaporize itself.  The battery only last long enough to do a few vaping sessions before it needs to recharge. So by itself the Davinci IQ can’t keep up with my medicating needs all day with the one battery.  I knew this before getting it. No portable vape has the battery to never handle all day use. Also the Davinci IQ does come with a USB charging cord, however it does not come with a wall socket. I was glad I had a spare and found this a little displeasing.

One of the things I really like about the Davinci IQ vaporizer is the smart paths that you can choose and they are simple to use. Simply choose path 1, 2, 3, or 4. Each of these paths reflect a different temperature range for the oven in the vaporizer. What this does is slowly over 10 minutes it raises the temperature from the starting temp to a higher finishing temp. This allows you to get a constant availability of vapor without needing to adjust the temperature of the vaporizer. Through the mobile Davinci IQ app, you can also customize the smart paths any way you want  using 3 points on a graph to determine how fast the paths progress to your finial temp. So far I’ve only messed with one and have not found a custom way I prefer. I tend to use the factory setting 2 or 3 most often.

You can also have precision control over the temperature and will see the digital display of what temp you choose. There is also a boost mode that will increase the temperature to the maximum of 430F degrees for as long as you hold the button down.

The Davinci IQ app is kinda cool. It let’s you see what temp you are currently at, adjust the temp up and down, along with customizing the smart paths as well. The most useful parts of the app are the FAQ, Walk thoughts and user manual on how to clean and service the Davinci IQ. I found the “Plant Guild” ironic. It lists things from chamomile to green tea to peppermint, but no where is cannabis or marijuana listed. These guilds tell you the ideal vaporization temperature and what effects vaporizing these plants might help you with and a brief history of the plant and historical usage. Oddly the plant most people buy this vaporizer for at least judging from the various reviews I have seen are all about cannabis…. Irony.

To help you choose what temp you might want to consider, since Davinci did not address this directly in their plant guild is look at the boiling point of Cannabinoids and Terpenes. Depending on  what effect you are trying to target you might want to choose different temperatures.

cannabinods boil

Overall I am very happy so far with my choice, but I have only had it a short period of time. I plan on doing a future review, after I’ve had more time to use the Davinci IQ more and find out how well it hold up to the true test of time and repeated use.

You can find the Davinci IQ at you local smoke shop or on-line at

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Cannabis Soup for the Soul

For those that have been following me for a little while know about this project. Cannabis Soup for the soul is a book series that I am looking to get published. It will be a collection of cannabis patient stories told by the cannabis patients themselves on how cannabis has improved their lives. There is no better way a patient can show that cannabis is medicine than to talk about how using it has improved the quality and abilities of their lives. How do I know this? Well it is simple. When I have talk to people about how cannabis has changed my life I have been able to change peoples perspective about cannabis. Open the idea in their heads that cannabis can be medicine. The idea becomes less foreign to them; a little less strange. It breaks down the stigma associated with cannabis  when people understand what cannabis means to the person taking it.

It has been slow getting people to send me their stories. However, I have gotten some and now have enough to make the first edition of Cannabis Soup for the Soul. I am now going to start working on compiling and introducing each story. This is what I am going to be focusing on over the next few weeks. Once that is completed I am going to look into what my publishing options are. Stay tuned for more information on that.

cannabis soupIt is my hope that more people will want to share their cannabis story after the release of the first edition of Cannabis Soup for the Soul and I will be able to make the second edition shortly after. Together with all of our story combined can help break down the stigma associated with cannabis.

If you are interested in having your story about how cannabis helped put into a future edition of Cannabis Soup for the Soul, please send it to with the subject line Cannabis Soup.

As always,

Spread Cannabis Knowledge!

Light Leaks or Faulty Timers

I have been growing my own medicine now for a couple years. I have made mistakes and learn from them. Never think that you will not make mistakes. You will set yourself up for a huge disappointment. Learn from your mistakes and learn from those of other people and you will master the art of growing cannabis.

Today I want to talk about the lighting schedule of cannabis and how that might go wrong.

One thing that can happen is a light leak. This happens when your growing environment is not able to get it full 12 hours of darkness. The cause of this can be the cracks in the door to the grow area, a light left on that was not suppose to be on, and this can also happen outdoors if there are outdoor lights that could interrupt the light schedule.

One of the other source of interrupting the light schedule can be caused by the timers. There are a few ways this happens. If using a timer with pins be aware that all pins are fully up or down. If a pin is set half way on it might turn the lights on partly through the dark period. You can also have a faulty timer. Of course if you have a timer that uses only 2 settings; 1 for Veg stage 18 hours of light and 1 for Flower 12 hours of light makes the pin issue less of a problem. Unless like I did when I was changing some bulbs half way through the flower stage I accidentally pushed veg on my timer.

The amount of time the cannabis plant has for a dark period tells the plant if it is time to grow or if it is time to flower. When you have a light leak or just any light during the time that the plant is suppose to be in darkness will trigger the plants to reenter the vegetative stage. This means little steams will start to branch out everywhere out of the buds.

18155630_1715263488489997_1861665608_nYou can tell that the your cannabis plant is starting to reenter veg stage when you see strange smooth edges tear drop shaped leaves form out of the buds as seen in this image. If you see this you need to check for any possible light leaks. This is when I found my timers on VEG. You can also tell the plant had been stressed by the curing of the leaves as well. This photo was taken about 2 weeks after discovering the timer issue. So the plant went from flower to reveg and back to flower again over the span of about a month. It stresses the girls out some.

Since discovering the light leak I have put my timers back on flower. The results of these plants after harvest have yet to be seen. My suspension is that the buds are going to be more steamy than I would like for one. Also have notice under the microscope that the tricombs are not as progress as they should be and this makes sense. The plant was focusing its energy on entering the reveg stage not on developing the tricombs. It is because of this that I suspect these plants are also going to take slightly longer to fully mature.

18136522_1715263431823336_1524590799_n.jpgOne other effect on the buds will be that some parts of the buds will end up being more developed than the other parts because the parts of the plant that reveged and spouted out of the buds are going to enter the flower stage the new veg growth out the buds. As you can see in this bud there seems to be little buds on top of it.

So while this is a big step backwards it is not the end of the world.

However, you know what I do now? I do a quick look at my timers everyday now. I make sure that they say flower and not veg when I have plants in my flower stage.

Take this as a lesson on double checking your settings. Also learn how to recognize when you might have a light leak so you can take quick action. The sooner you switch fix the light leak or resolve the faultly timer or change the setting back the better. This will prevent the plants from going to far back into reveg and get back on the path to harvest.
(Should also note that I am keeping my eye out to make sure that all this stress does not cause any of the girls to hermaphrodite and produce male flowers that could pollinate the whole tent. That would be very bad. )

As always,

Spread Cannabis Knowledge!








MMJ Patient Taken Off Organ Transplant-list because of Medical Cannabis


I was shocked the other day. On my local news a medical cannabis patient in the state of Maine was being denied a kidney because he was a cannabis patient. Then shortly after that I saw on Facebook an Attn: Video about Garry Godfrey the same cannabis patient. I shared his story on social media immediately; I did not even realize this was a potential issue for the cannabis patient in the state of Maine.

Gary had been on Maine’s transplant list for a kidney since 2003 and in 2010 the hospital changed it’s policy on cannabis. Maine legalized medical cannabis in 1999 and 11 years later, they suddenly change their policy?

Garry was faced with an impossible choice. Stop using medical cannabis. Then wait a year before being let on the bottom list again and wait. OR Continue to use medical cannabis and be taken off the list and fight to change the law. He chose the latter. Why? Pharmaceuticals had not been able to treat his condition adequately. Cannabis let him be a father to his children; when pharmaceuticals had not been up to the job. What would you choose? In his own words, “I should have never had to choose between a life saving organ transplant and a life saving medicine.”

WMTW (My local news station) Had attempted to get a comment out of Maine Medical Center but the spokesmen for the hospital would not commit on this case. According to Maine Medical Centers their drug policy, “Our Drug Use policy currently prohibits transplant candidates from using marijuana, due to the risk of an invasive fungal infection known as Aspergillosis.” But what is the real risk of Aspergilloisis in cannabis? Maine being a legal medical and adult use state has cannabis testing labs. Why not have patient test their cannabis? What about extractions of cannabis oil (RSO) and Dabs? That process should kill any molds and as stated before the Maine cannabis labs can test for molds. I was curious to how common this mold would be found on cannabis and emailed one of the labs and waiting to hear back still.

I had also become curious to what else Aspergillosis might be found in. According to Steep Hill Media report on mycotoxins, “routine laboratory testing for Aspergillus and Ochratoxin is done on coffee beans, red wine, cereals and dried fruits because of these concerns, [and] Another commonly-appearing Aspergillus strain is a mycotoxin called Aflatoxin, which is among the most carcinogenic chemicals known. Aflatoxin has been found in the breast milk of mammals eating contaminated feed, peanut butter, cooking oils such as olive oil, and in patients using contaminated cosmetics. Liquid chromatography (LC) testing has shown at least faint traces of Aflatoxin in at least 50% of food samples tested.”

17554359_1269021163212829_755973993754232425_n.jpgI reached out and asked Garry if these things that are tested for aspergillosis and could pose a simular risk of exposers to aspergillosis are on the restricted list or might disqualify a potential organ recipient. None of them were. Cannabis saw being singled out as a perceived Gary had been on Maine’s transplant list for a kidney since 2003 and in 2010 the hospital changed it’s policy on cannabis. Maine legalized medical cannabis in 1999 and 11 years latter, they suddenly change their policy?

Garry was faced with an impossible choice. Stop using medical cannabis. Then wait a year to get on the bottom list again and wait an unknown amount of time hoping for a kidney. OR Continue to use medical cannabis and be taken off the list and fight to change the law. He choose the latter. Why? Pharmaceuticals had not been able to treat his condition adequately. Cannabis let him be a father to his children; when pharmaceuticals had not been up to the job. What would you choose? I know what I would do. Yet, lab test could clear cannabis medication of any potential risk before using cannabis medicine if pending an organ transplant. Not only that, but 12 other states current already protect medical cannabis patients from being unduly discriminated against as organ transplant recipients based solely on cannabis use.

Garry just testified in Augusta Maine’s capitol on a LD 764 a bill that would give Maine patients those same protections if passed. The workshop vote will be on Thursday April 6, 2017.

However, while it is going to be good news for any new organ transplant patient to not have to go through what Garry had gone through at least in the state of Maine. For Garry he will need to go back on the bottom of the list that he had already been on for 7 years. His spot on that list is now forever lost. Gary has page on Facebook for those looking to learn more about him or inquire on how to help.

If you are in a medical cannabis state and you don’t know if you can be discriminated against to recite an organ transplant. Find out and contact you Representatives if you don’t want discriminatory practices in your area.  No one should be denied an organ because of cannabis!

As always,

Spread Cannabis Knowledge!





Medical Cannabis Paper of 1839

Cannabis as medicine is not a new concept nor is it a new idea to research the medical effects of this plant. I recently acquired the book, “Cannabis Collected Clinical Papers Vol. 1 Medical Marijuana Papers 1839-1972,” and I am going to go through each medical paper on cannabis and break down the studies for my readers.

The first medical paper I am going to go over is, “On the Preparations of the Indian Hemp, or Gunjah,” by W.B O’Shaughtnessy. His clinical study was originally published in Transactions of the Medical and Physical Society of Bengal, 1838-40.

OShaughnessyO’Shaughtnessy was English doctor working for the East India Company and he published his research to be able to, “Market the introduction of marijuana into western medicine.” However, he did not come to this choice easily. He did his homework. He starts by going over what parts of the world already know the effects of the plant. He details all the botanical information about the plant. He does also note that the plant is also used for making cordage in Europe. He also goes over the details of the popular uses of cannabis from the medicinal the use for intoxication in the far East. He had also taken information out of Journal de Pharmacie in published in 1810 where Napoleon’s apothecary published medicinal uses.

O’Shaughtnessy decided that he would need to do some experiments. He started by testing on Animals first, but quickly moves to human experiments. Since he was doing this control he details how to make cannabis extract. The process is basically a similar processes to making RSO. Then mixes increasing does of the RSO with alcohol to dissolve it back into an alcohol. Essentially making a tincture of and adjusting potency. Measuring the dose in grains of the extract. These experiment were done not to test the medical effects but he was testing for safety. I don’t agree with him testing safety of cannabis on children, but I can’t change what happened in the early 1800.

The first experiment he gives a dog 10 grains worth.
The second experiment he give a dog a Majoon a popular cannabis infused food.
The third, forth, and fifth experiment he give 10 grains worth to 3 local children.
The sixth experiment he gave 20 grains worth to a dog.

He does continue to do other experiments but does not detail them specifically, but does come to the conclusion that, “no hesitation could be felt as to the perfect safety of giving resin of hemp an extensive trail in the case in witch its apparent powers promised the greatest degree of utility.” It is also important to note a few other things at this point as well. The terms used in the medical study of the cannabis plants vary. O’Shaughtnessy uses more than one term it show the interchangeability of the terms of this plant even in the 1800’s. He uses both local terms such as bhang; also he uses scientific terms cannabis sativa and cannabis indica; he also uses a few slang terms such as hemp as this was short for Indianan Hemp, but calls the flower tops specifically, Gunjah. This is what the Resin of the hemp plant is made out of.

Since he determined that cannabis was not toxic at least to the dose of 20 grains at this point and started using the cannabis extract on a few medical patents in his practice.

The first case he selected three acute cases of Rheumatism. Two of the three men become intoxicated after the administration of the hemp oil. The third admitted that he used the ganja pipe and had not been intoxicated by the hemp oil. After three days of receiving treatment the men had become , “relieved of their rheumatism.” He also treats a forth case after the success of the first three. He noted how the alleviation of pain and increase of appetite along with great cheerfulness with no case of delirium or quarrellings.

The next case was a case of hydrophobia. Small bit of background on this case. The man was bitten by a rabid dog three weeks prior. One effect of rabies on humans is an intense reactionary fear to drinking water or more when your thirst drives you mad enough to drink you have a bad reaction to water as you drink it. Ultimately the patent died in this case from the rabies. However O’Shaunghtnessy notes that, “ at least one advantage was gain from the use of this remedy;–the awful malady was stripped of its horrors; if not less fatal than before.”

An outbreak of Cholera during the time O’Shaughtnessy in India and there were several attempts to use cannabis oil to treat the outbreak, “and cures were daily reported by its alleged efficacy. Dr. Goodeve [who was a doctor at the medical college of Calcutta] was thus led to try it in several cases, and his report was in highest degree favorable.” However, O’Shaughtnessy does concluded that using cannabis hemp oil for treating Cholera was inconclusive but worth further investigation.

O’Shaughtnessy then tested out the use of hemp oil on a case of tetanus also called lock jaw. The person he treated he was able to use several doses to relax the person and eventually was able to use their jaw again. He said, “…the sedative powers of the remedy in the most favorable light.” This person did die from their injury that caused the lock jaw by refusing an amputation. However he does note that several other case that were deemed to far along to treat had success with treat of hemp oil saving people thought un-treatable. Not everyone was able to be saved using cannabis oil on case saw 2 out of 3 success with another with 4 out of 8 and without this treatment the likely hood was that all these case would have been fatal.

The next case is show the incredible power of cannabis oil. A case of a 40 day old child had an attack of convulsive paroxysms that would happen at night that was resistant to the treatments at the time. With the child getting worse, O’Shaughtnessy suggested using the hemp oil he made. He started the child on a dose of 1/20th a grain and with no results tried 1/10th a grain or two drops. This gave the child four days without any convulsions. When suddenly they came back. This was later found to be caused by the evaporation of alcohol and the cannabis resin adherer to the container side and the child had been given daily does of the liquid that O’Shaughtnessy say was only water. This show that the understanding of cannabis medicine as non water solubility was inveterately discovered. The child however had taken a turn for the worse while not getting the cannabis medicine. With a new batch of tincture made the child was given increasing larger does when it did not respond. One day requiring 130 drop or equal to 15 grains of resin. The child recovers and over a month later had become, “plump and happy.” This case O’Shaughtnessy biggest take back is that the hemp resign ability to be used in a wide spectrum of dose size. He mentions that the narcotic effects of hemp as he pointed out a medical student had taken 10 drops of a tincture and become severely intoxicated, or how that 1 grain was given to men with rheumatism that caused some to go into an intermittent trance, and yet 130 drops equal to 15 grains could be used on a 60 day old child to stop it from convulsing. What this really shows is how even in extremely large does that hemp resin or cannabis resign high in THC is non fatal. O’Shaughtnessy would not have known about THC at the time. The individual cannabinods had not been discovered. However, it can be determined that O’Shaughtnessy hemp resign had THC due to the psychoactive properties experienced by his patients and some medical students personal experiments.

OShaughnessy1.jpgIn his conclusion to his medical study it was the anti convulsive properties of the cannabis resin that had impacted him most; he stated, “that in hemp the [medical] profession has gain an anti-convulsive remedy of the greatest value.” He did not want the personal fame in this endeavor he wanted wide spread study of this effect and stated this as why he immediately published his results have the “most extensive and speediest trails” to be given to his new found remedy. Then concludes with his recipe for extracting and preparing the hemp resin so others could duplicate how he made the it. His discovery makes him arguably the founder of the medical cannabis movement that is still happening today as he was one of the first to bring the idea of cannabis medicine into the minds of western medicine.

It is amazing to me how long ago a medical study had been done on cannabis. It amazes me not because that one was done, but because it had fallen deaf to modern ears after the prohibition of marijuana in 1939. I have heard modern doctors and other educated people tell me that no medical studies have been done on cannabis, or not enough have been done, or that there has not been enough time to study the medical effects. Yet, in 1839 a huge discovery had been published in a medical journal. How did these people come to this conclusion? Did they look for any? There are several of them. The anthology, “Cannabis Collected Clinical Papers Vol. 1 Medical Marijuana Papers 1839-1972,” was first published in 1972. I can’t wait to discover what other great information will be uncovered in this anthology. I will keep reading and as always I will,

Spread Cannabis Knowledge!